“The evolving Information Systems Strategy” is a chapter in the book “Strategic Information Management” edited by Galliers and Leidner and published in 1995. The chapter, written by Galliers and Sutherland, provides an overview of the evolution of Information Systems (IS) strategy and the role it plays in organizations.
The chapter begins by discussing the historical background of IS strategy and how it has evolved over time. It then goes on to examine the different approaches to IS strategy, including the traditional “top-down” approach, the “bottom-up” approach, and the “middle-out” approach.
The chapter argues that the traditional “top-down” approach, where IS strategy is determined by top management, is no longer effective in today’s rapidly changing business environment. It instead advocates for a “middle-out” approach, where IS strategy is developed by a cross-functional team that includes both top management and IS professionals.
The chapter also covers the importance of aligning IS strategy with the overall business strategy of the organization. It argues that IS strategy should be developed with the goal of supporting the business objectives of the organization, rather than being developed in isolation.
The chapter also discusses the role of IT governance in ensuring that IS strategy is aligned with business objectives and that IT investments are being made in areas that will have the greatest impact on the business.
Finally, the chapter concludes with the need for continuous monitoring and adaptation of IS strategy to changes in the business environment and the importance of involving all stakeholders in the IS strategy development process.
Overall, the chapter provides a valuable perspective on the evolution of IS strategy and its role in organizations. The authors advocate for a “middle-out” approach to IS strategy development, where IS strategy is developed by a cross-functional team that includes both top management and IS professionals, and for aligning IS strategy with the overall business strategy of the organization. They also highlight the importance of IT governance, continuous monitoring, and adaptation of IS strategy to changes in the business environment, and involving all stakeholders in the IS strategy development process.